With the launch of the Sustainable Development Goals, the UN Secretary General’s revised Global Business Plan for Maternal and Child Health, and the World Bank-hosted Global Financing Facility, there is a renewed imperative in understanding how Results Based Financing (RBF) can improve efficiency, effectiveness and accountability in programming towards Universal Health Coverage and improved health outcomes at scale.
There is a growing body of experience in a range of RBF-related programmes, but there remain key gaps in the evidence including how cost-effective programme approaches can be adapted to circumstances of fragility, poor governance and weak systems, where unmet need in reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health is often greatest.
Funded by UK aid and implemented by Montrose International and Health Partners International, Northern Uganda Health (NU Health) was a controlled implementation study to assess costs and benefits of RBF relative to conventional Input Based Financing (IBF). The study design aimed to isolate the main effect of the financing modality in terms of quality and quantity of health service provision. Programme data and the results of an independent evaluation conducted by Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine confirm a range of key findings. These include:
- A significant reduction in barriers to access and increase in health service utilisation;
- A massive three to eight fold improvement in adherence to standard treatment algorithms/quality of care for the major childhood killers: diarrhoea, malaria and pneumonia; and
- Particularly dramatic improvements in care and utilisation at the lowest level facilities, harbouring the promise of real progress toward universal health coverage.
Evidence, experience and insights arising from NU health is summarised in a set of three publications and a poster.
The NU Health Policy Brief is aimed at decision makers and provides a concise outline of the implications and for policy and programme arising from NU Health.
The second publication, NU Health Insights Report is aimed at programme planners and managers and provides a practical summary of the key learnings from NU Health, with greater detail on context, design and learning.
Finally, the third publication, the NU Health Technical Annexes, is aimed at technicians and investigators complement the NU Health Policy Brief and NU Health Insights Report to provide additional detail on the approaches, methodologies and evidence presented in those documents.
The poster Results Based Financing & Universal Health Coverage: Evidence from Northern Uganda was presented at the 2016 Global Symposium on Health Systems Research in Vancouver.
Together, theses documents provide an overview of insights generated over the course of the programme, with the aim of the informing programme efforts by other health service providers, government agencies or cooperating agency partners
Further NU Health programme resources are available:
- An assessment of whether results based financing can strengthen governance and improve health outcomes. 2014
- Summary of NU Health Lessons Learned Report 2014
- Results-Based Financing summary
- Early implementation experiences in NU Health 2013
- Setting up a results-based financing scheme – Experiences in NU Health 2012